Pozabljene literarne pravljice francoskih salonskih pisateljic

  • Lilijana Burcar Filozofska fakulteta v Ljubljani, Univerza v Ljubljani
Ključne besede: 17. stoletje, salonske pravljičarke, Diskretna princesa, Zvezdna svetloba, Čebela in pomarančevec, Princ Škrat

Povzetek

Prve literarne pravljice so se v prepoznavni žanrski obliki pojavile ob koncu 17. stoletja v okviru francoskega salonskega gibanja, ki so ga vodile elitne aristokratinje. Namenjene so bile odraslemu poslušalstvu in bralstvu, služile pa so kot oblika političnega manifesta. Z njimi so se salonske pisateljice postavile po robu patriarhalnim omejitvam svojega časa, še zlasti proti prisilnim porokam in zakonskim zvezam, v katerih ženske niso imele pravice do svobodne ljubezni, ekonomske neodvisnosti in lastnega, prepoznavnega literarnega glasu. Vse to so podelile svojim pravljičnim protagonistkam in ustvarile utopični protofeministični svet, ki je z dekanonizacijo avtoric ostal pozabljen in izbrisan vse do konca 20. stoletja.

Literatura

Marie-Catherine d’Aulnoy, 2009: The Bee and the Orange Tree. Beauties, Beasts, and Enchantment: Classic French Fairy Tales. Ur. Jack Zipes. Maidstone: Crescent Moon, 2009. 417–37.

Madame d’Aulnoy, 1987: Pavji kralj in druge pravljice. Prev. Tadeja Krečič. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga.

Marius Barbeau: »French Folklore«. Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology and Legend, Volume 1. Ur. Maria Leach. New York: Funk & Wagnalis. Na spletu.

Ruth Bottigheimer, 2012: Fairy Tales Framed: Early Forewords, Afterwords, and

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Ruth Bottigheimer, 2009: Fairy Tales: A New History. Albany: SUNY.

Lisa Brocklebank, 2000: Rebellious Voices: The Unofficial Discourse of Cross-dressing in d’Aulnoy, de Murat, and Perrault. Children's Literature Association Quaterly 25/3. 127–36.

Alexandra Cheira, 2014: A Fairy Godmother of her own 17th Century France: Subversive Female Agency in Madame d’Aulnoy’s ‘The White Cat’. Anglo Saxonica 30/8. 219–40.

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Jack Zipes, 2009: The Rise of the French Fairy Tale and the Decline of France. Beauties, Beasts, and Enchantment. Ur. Jack Zipes. Maidstone: Crescent Moon. 1–13.

Objavljeno
2020-07-14
Kako citirati
Burcar, L. (2020) „Pozabljene literarne pravljice francoskih salonskih pisateljic“, Slavistična revija, 68(2), str. 197–210. Dostopno na: https://srl.si/ojs/srl/article/view/3850 (Pridobljeno: 7avgust2020).
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